Author: bertram

Our new seaweed trawling film.

This is the new seaweed trawling film – it seems that the written word is often not good enough.

In the film several state officials are making statements, this includes the police – the Fiskeridirektoratet and the Sjøfartsdirektoratet.

They are all speaking in official capacities.

Something to be very afraid of

During our foray into the world of Seaweed trawling we’ve had a number of contacts with FMC – both personally through a chat with Ole Damm Kvilhaug who is responsible for FMCs operations here in Norway and second hand through actions my little group has undertaken.

Its almost like fencing – you work at your opponent hoping they will show a weakness.

For a while we concentrated on illegal trawling – we got one prosecution through but any more were heavily thwarted – so we tried overloaded ships – we filmed the trawlers overloaded and went to the Norwegian maritime authorities – yes they said, they do appear overloaded.  We were given to believe that there had been an immediate prosecution – the ships were suddenly much less loaded – but that only lasted a little while.

So we filmed the ships again – we were told by the Sjøfartsdirektoratet that they had a visit from FMC and that the quality of our videos were now too poor to pick out any details.  As i said fencing.

It brings to mind Monsanto cheerily causing devastation through court rulings against farmers and others – little realizing that it was kicking up a storm of massive proportions – one that is costing them dear.

With all this in mind there is a document produced by the eu on seaweed harvesting problems – essentially i think it says – if you want to start commercial seaweed harvesting and come across any environmental or local governmental problems we will have a team ready that can ease any problems.  This is the document –

PROBLEMATIC

Here are some snips

Front page

Got problems?

Got problems?

 

to-provide-a-support-system-for-taking-care-of-regional-difficulties

and

regulations-hampering-destruction-of-seaweed-forests-in-uk-and-ireland congress-to-being-together-environmentalists-and-policymakers-to-assist-the-industry

I have spoken to a number of colleagues about this and it seems to be a major ramping up of mechanical seaweed harvesting everywhere – roll on – the sooner the damage is visible the sooner it will be stopped. NEVER?

We’ll find out!

We sent Net Algae a question on their question form –

request-for-information-on-net-algae  I hope to be able to post their answer soon.

 

What other countries think of seaweed trawling

Possibly one of the most influential documents on seaweed harvesting has been produced by the Northern Ireland Environmental health services.  The document is an assembly of information from every angle – with a view to enabling the industry, that is a sustainable industry. Apparently this is a very important document for the industry.

It is possible the Norwegian model is based on the idea that there is so much that it is not possible to damage or change the ecology significantly using current harvesting methods – unfortunately historically in other countries this is clearly not true.  We note that the intensity of the industry here in mid Norway has considerably slackened in the last few months with greater efforts further north in unharvested areas – the information we have that the plants grow back only so many times appears to be true.

This is a snip from the EHS document

It says quite clearly that MECHANICAL HARVESTING could threaten the marine ecosystem –

mechanical seaweed harvesting damages the seabed

 

Here is the document in full

seaweedharvestingniehspositionstatement

 

Seaweed trawling in Norway’s Seabird reserves

Many seabird colonies on Norway’s coast are experiencing a massive downfall in population, some as much as 2/3rds – many of these colonies are in areas where seaweed trawling occurs.

The various ornithological organizations we have spoken to say this is due to the ecology being changed by a massive invasion of mackerel – it seems logical to assume that if the habitat for most of the food for the birds is removed, so will the “food ” go elsewhere.  In fact the habitat does not even have to be removed for there to be a change in the ecology of the seaweed beds – the plants have a chemical defence against predation – the destruction of some of the plants by dredges would be enough to trigger this.

 

There is currently a great deal of interest in this matter in Bergens Fylkestingret with questions being asked about who gave permission for trawling in the bird reserves?

 

Here we can confirm that there is trawling in 97 bird reserves – 35 are open for trawling all the time and the others are supposedly closed during the hatching season.

259148-kongelig_resolusjon_om_taretraling   this is the document concerned

and here are some snips

This is the front page with the bird colonies listed

 

Front page of sjøfugl taretråling

This mentions the 97 bird reserves

97

 

 

Fish Farming – a ruthless exploitation of Norways coast.

http://www.aftenposteninnsikt.no/klimamilj/oppdrettsn-ringen-reddet-av-vannspeilet The way things are done in industry in Norway is usualy direct and no fuss.

Fish farms averøy

 

 

Thus we have companies and scientists from the uk finding it easier to install wave energy test equipment here than in the uk because one phone call fixed it.

This is enviable for profit but what is the cost of this type of business to the environment?

 

Norway’s Government clearly relies on the small population and the difficulty of any organized and linked opposition – strict laws are bent or avoided altogether – so while on paper the country looks fine the reality is very different.

 

In our fight against FMC corp and in particular FMC health and nutrition the company that is commercially harvesting seaweed on the Norwegian coast, we have had several successful prosecutions – but each time some state organization has tried to stop our actions and protect the company concerned – this includes the police and a number of the state regulatory bodies who should know better.   Norway, you should be ashamed about this!!

 

This article came from a friend in the area – she was very distressed at reading this – and so was i – it is quite unbelievable – but our experience seems to bear this out – something dreadful is being allowed to happen on our coast and it is being largely ignored.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use of Formalin by the Seaweed industry.

When seaweed dies a natural process of bio degredation begins.

This process naturally produces https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen_sulfide

among other chemicals.  This gas is rated as being of a similar toxicity to cyanide gas.

In other words being near decomposing piles of Seaweed could kill you.

In fact due to the vast influx of seaweed in summer months on the coast of Brittany there has been a recorded death from this very same factor in the last few years – numerous wild and domestic animals have also died.

click to read

click to read

This is from the Telegraph Newspaper

To be able to handle large amounts of harvested seaweed Formalin has been found to be the only usable chemical capable of preventing the production of this gas.  However formalin has problems of its own.

The eec has become so concerned about this chemical that it has produced strict controls of its use – its use in animal feeds for instance will be banned from june 2015.

click to read

click to read

The main concern is its particular connection with various types of cancer, in particular leukemia.

This from Wikipedia.

 

click to read

click to read

To enable the Norwegian alginate industry to function it needs to use a lot of formalin

This is a report of the use of formalin from Fmc in the industry

Essentailly it says that before 2000 Fmc released into the sea over 700 tons of formalin per year – fortunately they now have it under control and the release is down to about 100 tons per year.

click to read Release of over 700 tons of formalin into the sea

click to read
Release of over 700 tons of formalin into the sea

Faktainformasjon rundt utslipp til vann og egenkontrollrapportering – FMC Biopolymer

 

Apparently this is the only industry that is allowed to do this.

 

The building at Smørholm used to store the seaweed looks poor repair – from the outside it looks as if the walls are composed of timbers slotted into place – if there is any proper jointing or plastic lining it is impossible to ascertain from the outside.

One question which has disturbed us considerably is how is the formalin dealt with after use?

Is it washed out and re used?  What happens to the waste that must be contaminated with formalin?

How much formalin does the finished alginate contain?  Are there any measures for this – has anybody measured this?

We know there are serious health issues associated with carrageenan http://fodmaplife.com/tag/health-issues-with-carrageenan/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Problems with seaweed cultivation.

Nearly every month there seems to be a new exciting project aimed at seaweed cultivation – perhaps this video may explain why there untimately seems to be so little of it.

It also explains why it is important to have as few animals as possible attaching themselves to the plants – Commercial harvesting on the Norwegian coast is done in such a way as to minimize “fouling” or the attachment of animals, unfortunately this is in wild seaweed forests which cover most of the coast.  The effects are very noticeable to those who fish in the zone but so far our polititians have ignored this